waste managment material and pollution.

waste material managment are the activities and actions required to manage waste from its inception to its final disposal. This includes the collection, transport, treatment and disposal of waste, together with monitoring and regulation of the waste management process.

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Waste can be solid, liquid, or gas and each type has different methods of disposal and management. Waste management deals with all types of waste, including industrial, biological and household. In some cases, waste can pose a threat to human health. Waste is produced by human activity, for example, the extraction and processing of raw materials. Waste management is intended to reduce adverse effects of waste on human health, the environment or aesthetics.

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Advantages of waste managment

  • Biological reprocessing: Recoverable materials that are organic in nature, such as plant material, food scraps, and paper products, can be recovered through composting and digestion processes to decompose the organic matter. The resulting organic material is then recycled as mulch or compost for agricultural or landscaping purposes. In addition, waste gas from the process (such as methane) can be captured and used for generating electricity and heat (CHP/cogeneration) maximising efficiencies. The intention of biological processing in waste management is to control and accelerate the natural process of decomposition of organic matter.

  • Energy recovery: Energy recovery from waste is the conversion of non-recyclable waste materials into usable heat, electricity, or fuel through a variety of processes, including combustion, gasification, pyrolyzation, anaerobic digestion, and landfill gas recovery. This process is often called waste-to-energy. Energy recovery from waste is part of the non-hazardous waste management hierarchy. Using energy recovery to convert non-recyclable waste materials into electricity and heat, generates a renewable energy source and can reduce carbon emissions by offsetting the need for energy from fossil sources as well as reduce methane generation from landfills.Globally, waste-to-energy accounts for 16% of waste management.

  • Environmental Waste Management promotes the proper management and utilization of industrial waste, delivering in-depth, state-of-the-art information on the physicochemical properties, chemical composition, and environmental risks associated with industrial waste from the sugar , pulp and paper, tanning, distilling, textile, petroleum hydrocarbon, and agrochemical sectors.

  • Featuring contributions from environmental microbiology and biotechnology experts from various universities, national research laboratories, and industries, this book:

  • Covers biocomposting of pressmud, treatment of pulp and paper mill wastewater, biodegradation of agrochemicals, and bioenergy production from industrial waste for safe recycling.*Examines persistent organic pollutants (POPs) discharged from industrial waste, emphasizing the relationship of metagenomics with POPs present in sugarcane molasses-based distillery waste and pulp paper mill wastewater after secondary treatment. *Discusses bioreactors for industrial wastewater treatment, biotransformation and biodegradation of organophosphates and organohalides in the environment by different bacterial populations, and metallothioneins for metal homeostasis and tolerance

    Environmental Waste Management: provides students, scientists, and researchers of biotechnology, microbiology, biochemistry, and molecular. biology with a specialized collection of cutting-edge industrial waste management and pollutant monitoring techniques.

    Pollution

    Pollution Control. Almost 90% of the energy is from traditional technologies that contribute to air pollution, negatively impacting human health and the environment. This is a problem that Partner States are working hard to resolve.
    Ewemo is working to harmonise effluent discharge standards, strengthen the capacity in enforcement of pollution control laws and establish pollution monitoring system.
    Ewemo is grappling with air pollution from transportation, industry, mining, waste management, and open burning, among others. It recognises that development activities may have negative impacts on the environment leading to the degradation of the environment and depletion of natural resources and that a clean and healthy environment is a prerequisite for sustainable development.
    E-waste E-waste contains chemical elements that have adverse effects on the environment and human health. A quick analysis of the existing e-waste management mechanisms in the EAC Partner States reveals that all the five countries lack concrete regulations for e-waste, despite the continuously growing number of ICT users.
    E-waste E-waste contains chemical elements that have adverse effects on the environment and human health. A quick analysis of the existing e-waste management mechanisms in the EAC Partner States reveals that all the five countries lack concrete regulations for e-waste, despite the continuously growing number of ICT users.